Array is a collection of the same type of data elements. In java, an array can only store the same type of data(int, float, double, long, String, object). The size of the array has to be declared before creating or while creating an array. One created the size of the array can’t be changed.

Sorting Techniques: There are many sorting techniques in java like Bubble sort, selection sort an insertion sort.

Circular Matrix Program

sorting techniques

Bubble sort:- 
import java.io.*;
class Bubblesort
{
public static void main()throws IOException
{
BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
System.out.println(“enter the length of the array”);
int len=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
int arr[]=new int[len];
int temp=0;
for(int i=0;i<len;i++)
{
System.out.println(“enter the elements”);
arr[i]=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
}
for(int i=0;i<len;i++)
{
for(int j=0;j<len-i-1;j++)
{
if(arr[j]>arr[j+1])
{
temp=arr[j];
arr[j]=arr[j+1];
arr[j+1]=temp;
}
}
}
System.out.println(“The sorted array elements are”);
for(int i=0;i<len;i++)
{
System.out.println(arr[i]);
}
}
}

Output:-

enter the length of the array
5
enter the elements
67
enter the elements
2
enter the elements
1
enter the elements
89
enter the elements
4
The sorted array elements are
1
2
4
67
89

2. Selection Sort:-

import java.io.*;
class Selectionsort
{
public static void main()throws IOException
{
BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
System.out.println(“enter the length of the array”);
int len=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
int arr[]=new int[len];
int temp=0;
for(int i=0;i<len;i++)
{
System.out.println(“enter the elements”);
arr[i]=Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
}
System.out.println(“Before Selection Sort”);
for (int i=0;i<arr.length;i++)
System.out.print(“\t”+ arr[i]);
System.out.println();
for (int i = 0; i<arr.length – 1; i++)
{
int index = i;
for (int j = i + 1; j <arr.length; j++){
if (arr[j] <arr[index]){
index = j;
}
}
int small_Num = arr[index];
arr[index] = arr[i];
arr[i] = small_Num;
}
System.out.println(“after Selection Sort”);
for (int i=0;i<arr.length;i++)
System.out.print(“\t”+ arr[i]);
System.out.println();
}
}

Output:-
enter the length of the array
5
enter the elements
23
enter the elements
7
enter the elements
89
enter the elements
4
enter the elements
2
Before Selection Sort
23 7 89 4 2
After Selection Sort
2 4 7 23 89

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